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The Truth of the Lie is always revealed by the face

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The Truth of the Lie is always revealed by the face

Post by ufercoffy on 31.01.11 11:39

31 JANUARY 2011 | POSTED BY ASTRO



by Helena Norte



“People speak without speaking. The face screams”, says Armindo Freitas-Magalhães, director of the Laboratory for Facial Expression of Emotions (FEELab) at Fernando Pessoa University. And it always screams the truth. Even when one tries to hide, simulate or distort.

Because the muscles draw on the face (the stage) the emotions that are generated in the brain (the dressing rooms) in a spontaneous and involuntary way, the psychologist explains. And he states: “Facial expressions never lie”.
Paul Ekman, a famous North American psychologist who inspired the television series “Lie to me”, has cartographed the expression of emotions on the human face, based on muscle movements of the face, the eyes, the nose, the mouth, the eyelids, the eyebrows, the forehead and the neck. The result is the Facial Action Coding System (FACS), a scientifically validated instrument – contrary to the polygraph – that has many uses, including criminal investigation.

The Paul Ekman Group cooperates with the FBI, the CIA, the Scotland Yard and other investigation agencies, just like in the television show, which is fictional and exaggerated in some aspects, but with scientific bases, asserts Freitas-Magalhães, who is also a member of the institution.

In Portugal, the study of facial expressions has never been applied in police investigations and the fact that police interrogation is not recorded on video renders its application more difficult. The FEELab’s director confirms the existence of “non official approaches”, when Madeleine McCann disappeared, and he even came to analyze the parents’ expressions during public statements.

He concluded that when they stated that they had never given their children sedatives, there was no congruence between the verbal language (words) and the non verbal (facial expressions). Which indicates that they lied. “The way one says something is more important than what is being said. Even blinking gives indications about what one is feeling”, the psychologist stresses.

Every expression, every movement has a meaning. More than that: they are universal. A Portuguese person’s face reveals emotions such as happiness, despise or surprise in the same way that a Chinese. In other words, they use the same facial markers. What differs are the rules of social exhibition, Freitas-Magalhães explains, citing Ekman’s studies in New Guinea, which demonstrated the universality of the facial expression of emotions.

Simulations are obviously possible, and some people handle them well, especially in situations where there is an emotional emptiness, but the produced expressions do not comply with the criteria of truthfulness and someone who has mastered the FACS is able to detect the lies. Always, the investigator guarantees. One of the ways to find the falsehood of an expression is to analyze the face’s symmetry: in case of a simulation, the left side’s movements do not match the right side’s movements.




in: Jornal de Notícias, 31.01.2011

http://joana-morais.blogspot.com/2011/01/truth-of-lie-is-always-revealed-by-face.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed:+JoanaMorais+(Joana+Morais)&utm_content=Twitter

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Re: The Truth of the Lie is always revealed by the face

Post by Guest on 31.01.11 11:54

Nice one ufercoffy
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Re: The Truth of the Lie is always revealed by the face

Post by kangdang on 31.01.11 15:21

He concluded that when they stated that they had never given their children sedatives, there was no congruence between the verbal language (words) and the non verbal (facial expressions). Which indicates that they lied. “The way one says something is more important than what is being said. Even blinking gives indications about what one is feeling”, the psychologist stresses

Note - Sandra asked the following question "On that evening did you give to your kids something like calpol to help them sleep".

Gerry McCann replied “(swallow, eyes sideways down right, Intake of breath) you know we’re not gonna (head back) comment, on anything (eyes closed) but you know there is absolutely (head back). No way we use any sedative drugs (head down, eyes closed, head shake, scratch behind left earlobe, looks back at Interviewer, slight smile) or anything like that en (eyes down right, right hand brush) you know we’ll we have (eyes down right) co-operated with the police (eyes down right) we’ll answer any queries ermm (eyes down right)…any tests that they want to do en.”

What follows is an analysis that I conducted on the clip several years ago based on my observations above.





First cluster – Swallow, eyes look sideways & down right, intake of breath

Firstly, the Adam’s apple is emotionally responsive (i.e. it reflects visceral or gut feelings). Acting through the vagus nerve (cranial X) emotional tension from the brain’s limbic system causes unconscious muscular contractions of the sternothyroid, thyrohyoid and associated inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscles of the Adam’s apple. This movement is evident as the muscles contract to swallow, to throat-clear or to vocalize an objection that may be left unsaid. This swallowing movement indicates feelings of anxiety or embarrassment.

I find it hard to imagine why Gerry would become anxious or embarrassed by this question (angry, hurt, yes), unless of course these feeling were stimulated at the prospect of having to lie in which case it would indicate that either he, or someone else, had given the children calpol or other sedatives to help them sleep on that night.

Secondly, eye movements are largely controlled by the midbrains Oculomotor, Trochlear and Abducens nerves (cranial III, IV & VI). According to neurological research, eye movement both laterally and vertically seems to be associated with activating different parts of the brain. Generally, when eyes look right it is indicative of the brain working at constructing, up right eye movements indicate construction of visual images, sideways right eye movements indicates construction of audio. When eyes look left it is indicative of the brain recalling or accessing memory. Up left eye movements, indicate recalling of visual images, sideways left eye movements indicate recalling of audio. When eyes look down left it indicates internal dialogue and down right indicates that a person is thinking about the question as they recall smell, feelings or taste.

In the video clip, we see Gerry look sideways right and down right. He looks sideways right first. This indicates that he might be constructing something auditory. This might include for example constructing what he will say or could say to the question., or he may be assembling the question in his mind due to the fact that he has not heard it before. We also see this movement directly followed by a right down eye movement. This motion indicates that Gerry is thinking about the question and his feelings. I am uncertain as to whether officials, or anyone else to that matter, had asked Gerry about the use of sedatives before this interview took place; hence, suggestions of Gerry constructing a lie must be posited with caution.

Still, the answer to the question should be easy, either a yes or no. Moreover, when taking into account the media coverage of the sedative use issue I would think that the answer should be well known to Gerry McCann, surely someone must have alerted him to the “ludicrous” suggestions being made in the media!; thus, the answer should be in his near term memory, this would not require him to search for an answer (in this case eye movements would be barely be visible).

Thirdly, the intake of breath that we hear Gerry making may be nothing more than pre-speech in-breath. Interestingly though, the pre-speech in-breath is often used by an array of professionals to add an air of authority and credibility to the qualifying subsequent spoken words. It is also a typical expression of ordinary conscious anxiety and tensions reflected in other kinesic behaviours including the aforesaid.

From this cluster I think it would be fair to say that the question “On that evening did you give to your kids something like calpol to help them sleep?” aroused emotion, albeit anxiety, embarrassment or stress, or a combination of the three. If Gerry did not administer calpol or sedatives to the children that evening (or knows with certainty that no one else had) then I see no reason for the arousal of emotions witnessed.

Second Cluster- Head down, eyes closed, head shake, scratch left ear lobe, looks back at Interviewer but does not raise head, slight smile, look down right, left hand brush away from body.
Observed during “No way we use any sedative drugs”
 
The head down motion is an automatic escape movement designed to remove a body part or parts from danger. It underlies many negative and submissive nonverbal signs (e.g., feelings of guilt or shame or cues of fear or submissiveness). It is suggested that bending motions of the head (and trunk) are neurologically “simple” as NVC signs. As they are unaffected, unintended, and unconscious; thus, they are among the most reliable indicators of mood. Gerry’s eyes also gaze down in conjunction with the head down motion. Gaze-down often reflects guilt, shame, submissiveness or deception. These feelings pass from the limbic system and basal ganglia to the midbrain’s oculomotor (cranial III) and other cranial nerves. Acting in concert, the eye muscles pull together in a downward or sideward eye movement, depending on the mood.
Gerry’s words “No way we use any sedative drugs” appear to arouse feelings of guilt, shame and/or deception. (Note – I rule submissiveness out firstly, as Gerry’s baseline demeanour does not suggest that he is submissive; secondly, as a result of my findings in the first cluster; thirdly, he hardly submits to answering the question does he?) If he is feeling guilty or shameful then the question “what about?” must be asked. If he is telling the truth, then he has no reason to feel ashamed or guilty; the answer is simple, he is lying. However, how big is the lie? Look at the question again, “On that evening did you give to your kids something like calpol to help them sleep?” We should note that he does not anywhere in his answer state that they did not give the children sedative drugs that night, nor does he deny the use of calpol. In fact, what he says is “there is absolutely no way we use any sedative drugs or anything like that”!

Gerry also closes his eyes when he uses the head and eye down motion. When this cue is used during or shortly after a verbal denial, it usually shows that the speaker does not believe his or her own remarks. As true statements are normally given with a confident, face to face or level gaze, which might be held for longer than three seconds. In addition, Gerry also shakes his head in conjunction with the aforementioned NVC signs. Interestingly, the headshake is associated with cognitive dissonance and this is where feelings of uncomfortable tension arise because of holding two conflicting thoughts in the mind at the same time. It should be noted that dissonance is often strong when we believe something about ourselves and then do something against that belief. The headshake is also linked to uncertainty and is gut reactive; thus, this motion originates from the limbic system, which stimulates the special visceral accessory nerve (cranial XL).
The scratching of the ear lobe is a self-touch cue aimed at relieving stress and/or providing comfort. It reflects arousal of the SNS’s flight or fight response. Ear lobe (and nose) scratching results from blood vessel engorgement whilst in this state; thus, this cue is indicative of increased anxiety and may signal deception, disagreement, fear or uncertainty.

We also see Gerry glance back at the interviewer without raising his head; this method is often used in the act of deception to gauge the response of those being addressed. (I.e. it is used to see if the listener is swallowing the lie.)

Gerry also appears to produce a slight smirk, almost a look of amusement. In NVC, smirking is a sign of contempt for the gullibility of the person(s) who are being duped. Smirking is also indicative of someone having something further to share. For example, when Susan Smith stated that wherever her children were she hoped they were ok, she smirked then smiled…she knew where they were and what state they were in; she knew they were dead – she had something further to share.

Gerry raises his left hand and makes a tight brush away motion from the body at neck height. What is interesting is that this motion signifies the brushing away or dismissing of a subject or the spoken words in the event of deception. Furthermore, the tighter the hand or arm movement is to the body the more indicative it is of deception. It should be also be noted that we do not ordinarily make conscious choices about the hand or arm gestures as we are usually too busy talking to notice or care.

This cluster is certainly indicative of deception as Gerry exhibits a combination of deceptive signals that are in agreement with each other: I cannot find one NVC signal that could cast significant doubt on this assertion.

My conclusion is that Gerry McCann fails to answer the question, choosing instead to skirt around the question in a somewhat defensive manner: Gerry McCann is engaging in the act of deception.

Question

“On that evening did you give to your kids something like calpol to help them sleep?”

Truthful answer

“No I (we) did not” or “Yes I (we) did”

Note – when we are truthful about something we tend to be direct and confident in our spoken word, our NVC mirrors this.

Yet Gerry McCann answers

“You know we’re not gonna comment on anything but you know there is absolutely . No way we use any sedative drugs or anything like that en you know we’ll we have co-operated with the police we’ll answer any queries ermm …any tests that they want to do en…”


Further support of deceit in this extract was acquired through LVA 6.50 analysis, see video below


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Re: The Truth of the Lie is always revealed by the face

Post by Judge Mental on 31.01.11 15:36

@ kangdang big grin

Not looking at all good is it? No matter which angle we try to look at all this from. It rather looks as if they are doomed.
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Re: The Truth of the Lie is always revealed by the face

Post by kangdang on 31.01.11 15:43

Indeed, Judge - But according to the BB1 and her multiple personas, "it's right up there with backward speech and dream interpretation".... lol4

Note syntax... sarcastic

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Re: The Truth of the Lie is always revealed by the face

Post by Judge Mental on 31.01.11 17:50

kangdang wrote:Indeed, Judge - But according to the BB1 and her multiple personas, "it's right up there with backward speech and dream interpretation".... lol4

Note syntax... sarcastic

Perhaps this poster should write to Obama and tell him to cut the FBI and CIA budgets by many millions of dollars, for they are obviously wasting a lot of money. After this poster has first studied the subject of course. Because it would be more than foolish to dismiss something which they obviously know f*ck all about.

One gathers this BB1 must not be one of the most vehement Tapas 9 supporters? Because if they were, they would know that Kate McCann herself certainly believes in paranormal activities and dream analysis. Indeed McCann was trying to have her dreams deciphered by Paiva whilst her spouse was scurrying around here in England when he came back on one of his trips.

What is BB1 really trying to say here? That McCann was deliberately wasting valuable and extremely expensive police time again? And that she was calling up Paiva simply to waste his time, and have him conduct more ''searches'' just for a bit of a lark? One is quite sure that both McCanns already feel as if they have enough problems, without their fans turning against them because they have read BB1's posts. Gerald McCann has also experienced paranormal or spiritual happenings, and indeed has said that he saw some kind of pure light, or something such as this. It may very well have been God Himself who was sending Gerald MccCann a message, and it is not for us to start knocking him. He may not be nearly as deluded as he always appears to us all.
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