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Constitutional monarchy vs republic: which is the best form of government? - Page 5 Mm11

Constitutional monarchy vs republic: which is the best form of government? - Page 5 Regist10
The Complete Mystery of Madeleine McCann™
Welcome to 'The Complete Mystery of Madeleine McCann' forum 🌹

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Constitutional monarchy vs republic: which is the best form of government? - Page 5 Mm11

Constitutional monarchy vs republic: which is the best form of government? - Page 5 Regist10

Constitutional monarchy vs republic: which is the best form of government?

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Constitutional monarchy vs republic: which is the best form of government? - Page 5 Empty Re: Constitutional monarchy vs republic: which is the best form of government?

Post by Jill Havern 24.06.21 10:17

Royal finances: Where does the Queen get her money?

By Tom Edgington
BBC News


Published9 hours ago



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The Royal Family has opened its books to show how the Queen spent her money last year.
How much does the monarch receive and where does her income come from?

What does the Queen receive from the government?


The Queen is given a single payment by the government every year called the Sovereign Grant.
Last year this was set at £85.9m - the equivalent of £1.29 per person in the UK.

What is the Sovereign Grant spent on?


It is used by the Queen and other members of the Royal Family to pay for official royal duties.
It also covers the upkeep of occupied royal palaces:

  • Buckingham Palace
  • St James's Palace
  • Kensington Palace
  • the Royal Mews and Royal Paddocks at Hampton Court
  • Windsor Castle


Last year, £51.5m was spent on official duties - including staff wages and travel - and property maintenance. The remaining £34.4m went on the on-going refurbishment of Buckingham Palace.

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Where does money for the Sovereign Grant come from?


The payment is based on the profits of the Crown Estate, a property business owned by the monarch but run independently.
Among its holdings are Regent Street in London and the Ascot racecourse in Berkshire.
The Crown Estate is controlled by a management board whose main duty is to maintain and enhance the value of the property "for the benefit of the nation's finances".
It is not the private property of the Queen - it merely belongs to the monarch for the duration of their reign. This means the Queen can't sell the Crown Estate or keep the revenue for herself.


What's the history of the Crown Estate?


The Crown Estate was originally the name for lands owned by the monarch - it dates from the time of the Norman Conquest.
In 1760, King George III reached an agreement with the government to surrender his income from the Crown Estate. In return, it was agreed that the King (and his successors) would receive a fixed annual payment - originally known as the Civil List.
The Civil List was replaced in 2010 by the Sovereign Grant.

How is the Sovereign Grant calculated?


Normally, the Queen receives 15% of the Crown Estate profits from the previous two years.
However, it was agreed that from 2017 she would receive 25% for the next 10 years. This is to help pay for a £369m refurbishment of Buckingham Palace.
If any Sovereign Grant money is unspent in a given year, the left-over amount goes into a reserve fund. Last year, £2.3m was used from the reserve for the work on the Buckingham Palace refurbishments.

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image caption Ascot racecourse is owned by the Crown Estate


What happens if the Crown Estate's profits fall?


If the Crown Estate's profits fall, the Queen still receives the same grant as the previous year.
This means the Queen would be allowed to receive more than 25% of the Crown Estate's profits.
This rule was created in a law called the Sovereign Grant Act 2011.


How else does the Royal Family receive money?


As well as the Sovereign Grant, the Queen also receives private income from the Queen's Privy Purse, which is passed down from monarch to monarch.
This is the money from another private estate - known as the Duchy of Lancaster - which covers over 18,000 hectares of land. It includes areas like Lancashire and Yorkshire, as well as property in central London.
In the year ending March 2020, the Duchy of Lancaster made a profit of just over £23m.
The Queen also has an income through properties such as Sandringham and Balmoral, which she owns personally.
According to the government, the Queen voluntarily pays tax on her private income and the income from the Duchy of Lancaster.

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image caption Security costs are met by the police rather than the Sovereign Grant


What about security?


Some argue that the true cost of the Royal Family is far higher.
That's because the Sovereign Grant isn't used to pay for security, which is usually picked up by the Metropolitan Police.
Republic - an organisation which campaigns for an elected head of state - estimates that the total yearly cost of the monarchy, once security is factored in, is several times higher than the Sovereign Grant.
However, other organisations - such as the consultancy Brand Finance - say that security and other costs are outweighed by what the monarchy contributes to the economy each year, such as boosting tourism.


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Constitutional monarchy vs republic: which is the best form of government? - Page 5 Empty Re: Constitutional monarchy vs republic: which is the best form of government?

Post by sequested 24.06.21 10:59

I like the Queen, she has my utmost respect and I think she does an amazing job and has done for so many years. I also like many members of the extended family Anne, Kate, Sophie, Zara.....strange that it's mainly all the females but William does well and I have to admit to having a guilty admiration for Charles sometimes, though his dalliance with the WEF worries me somewhat.
In all, I guess I'm Royalist
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